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The Flag of the «Leal Senado» of Macau

Published by Carlos da Fonte, em 20.07.14

Jointly organized by the University of Minho and University of Coimbra, the XX Congress of the European Association of Chinese Studies (EACS) will take place during the next 22 to 24th July (Braga) and 25 to 26th July (Coimbra). The EACS was founded to promote and foster by every possible means, all scholarly activities related to Chinese Studies in Europe, not engaged in any political activity. We will be present in Braga the 24th of July, at the University of Minho, Building 2, Room 306, by 4:00 pm, with a small study on the protosemantics of the old flag of the «Leal Senado» of Macau. You may read the abstract here:

"A Pearly Blue Shade of Macau - The Flag of the "Leal Senado".

The discussion panels include: Art and Arcaheology - Cinema, Media and Performing Arts - Culture - East-West Contact - Economy - Gender Studies - History (Pre-Modern, Modern) - International Relations - Law - Linguistics - Literature (Pre-Modern and Modern) - Macau Studies - Philosophy and Religion - Politics - Sociology - Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language - Translation Studies.


Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

Published at 12:06

The Primitive Flag of the Empire of Brazil

Published by Carlos da Fonte, em 03.04.13
flag of Brazil (Debret)


The period of reflection is concluded, following our first analysis of the proposition attributed to Debret for the Imperial flag of Brazil. We were able to solve some doubtful points and add new contributions, allowing us to be very optimistic about the results. Before the publication itself, still to decide on what form, extension and venue, we will need to guarantee a proper support to what remains to be accomplished in this endeavour; it is not always easy to find a convenient sponsor. Notwithstanding it is possible to put forward some generic information, maybe useful for those that are interested in this subject. 

Although this is not our first vexillological incursion, the Brazilian flag deserves here a special tribute: it is the most modern manifestation of parophony found to this day, dating from the beginning of the 19th century. Note that the primitive version was never fully used and most of the original characteristics were lost. Strangely enough, the republican version only kept those elements referring the former Brazilian sovereigns.

It is even more puzzling to know from the analysis of this flag's design, that we may almost guess the imminent independence of the country. Of course, some of the elements have already been used before as the wyvern, the armillary sphere and the Cross of the Order of Christ, but they are now imparted to this new representation, including a number of parophonies.

“Vert, a lozenge throughout or, charged with an arch of nineteen five-pointed stars azure, the one at the top bigger, encircling a branch of sugar cane and another of tobacco both proper, held by a wyvern tergiant vert, wings displayed and the tail passing through the lower opening of the arch, all surrounding a Cross of the Order of Christ, its limbs debruised by an armillary sphere of the second, in chief a royal crown partially covering the upper point of the bigger star”


Semantic levels - sixteen:

1 - The green colour: sovereign [75]. 

2 - The lozenge: consort [208].

3 - The lozenge throughout: territory [1].

4 - The yellow colour of the lozenge: consort [7].

5 - The arch of stars: capital [232].

5 - The colour of the stars: capital (complementary).

6 - The lower opening of the arch: residence [207].

7 - The position of the stars: regions [0].

7 - The number of stars: regions (complementary).

8 - The branches of sugar cane and tobacco: capital [437].

9 - The wyvern: status [37].

10 - The royal crown: heir [0].

11 - The biggest star: heir [0].

12 - The position of the biggest star: address [0].

13 - The armillary sphere: hydronym [0].

14 - The Cross of the Order of Christ: territory (by transmission).

15 - The red colour of the Cross: ethnonym [31].

16 - The whole: address [161].

Discretion indexes - mostly slim and null.

Verbalization - predominantly hybrid.

Vexillological plot - agricultural.

Geographical origin of the parophonies - autochthonous.

Overall assessment of credibility - excellent.

Cyphers: above, between brackets [].

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

Published at 21:54

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