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## Cypher

With the intention of assisting and promoting the use of heraldic parophony, we developed a method that, without conditioning the curiosity and autonomy of each researcher, allows a minimum of reassurance for the beginner. Reproducibility is one of the qualities of parophonic methodology, since others may obtain - independently - any of the results we proposed by following the same fundamental and universal procedures recommended in the methodology and examples.

Therefore, we imagined a simple method to encrypt each proposition and make it available to whoever may be interested in our endeavour. For those who dare to undertake the discovery of this occasionally difficult art, it's now possible to verify if the associations you've found are the same as ours, or alternatively identify distinct solutions. It also guarantees in every case the priority of our propositions, for this encryption is fairly precise, in spite of no explicit words being declared. Please follow this link to the spreadsheet that simplifies the calculation.

Next, we explain the whole procedure in five steps, exemplified with the parophony Jerusalem ~ Je ruse la haine:

a) Ascribe numbers following the alphabetic order of each letter, either for the denominant [Jérusalem] or the designant [Je ruse la haine], deprived of any signs or accents.

a = 1, b = 2, c = 3, d = 4, e = 5, f = 6, g = 7, h = 8, i = 9, j = 10, k = 11, l = 12, m = 13, n = 14, o = 15, p = 16, q = 17, r = 18, s = 19, t = 20, u = 21, v = 22, w = 23, x = 24, y = 25, z = 26.

[ J = 10, e = 5, r = 18, u = 21, s = 19, a = 1, l = 12, e = 5, m = 13 ]

[ J = 10, e = 5, r = 18, u = 21, s = 19, e = 5, l = 12, a = 1, h = 8, a = 1, i = 9, n = 14, e = 5 ]

b) Determine the numbers corresponding to the order of each letter, for both the denominant and the designant.

[ J = 1, e = 2, r = 3, u = 4, s = 5, a = 6, l = 7, e = 8, m = 9 ]

[ J = 1, e = 2, r = 3, u = 4, s = 5, e = 6, l = 7, a = 8, h = 9, a = 10, i = 11, n = 12, e = 13 ]

c) Multiply each number found in (a), by the corresponding number found in (b).

[ J = 1 × 10 = 10, e = 2 × 5 = 10, r = 3 × 18 = 54, u = 4 × 21 = 84, s = 5 × 19 = 95, a = 6 × 1 = 6, l = 7 × 12 = 84, e = 8 × 5 = 40, m = 9 × 13 = 117 ]

[J = 1 × 10 = 10, e = 2 × 5 = 10, r = 3 × 18 = 54, u = 4 × 21 = 84, s = 5 × 19 = 95, e = 6 × 5 = 30, l = 7 × 12 = 84, a = 8 × 1 = 8, h = 9 × 8 = 72, a = 10 × 1 = 10, i = 11 × 9 = 99, n = 12 × 14 = 188, e = 13 × 5 = 65 ]

d) Add the results of both sets of multiplications.

[ 10 + 10 + 54 + 84 + 95 + 6 + 84 + 40 + 117 = 500 ]

[ 10 + 10 + 54 + 84 + 95 + 30 + 84 + 8 + 72 +10 + 99 +168 + 65 = 789 ]

e) Finally, the larger sum must be subtracted from the smaller, in order to obtain a positive number, giving thus the cypher.

[ 789 - 500 = 289 ],

therefore the cypher is: 289.

i) Do not use the phonetic transcription, but a literal representation of the denominant and the designant instead.

ii) Accents, cedillas, apostrophes, hyphens and other similar signs, as well as spaces between words are discarded.

iii) Affixed or compound nouns may hide one or more components as in Martin (from Saint Martin), black (from Blackpool) and sea (from Irish Sea). Rarely, the opposite may occur, above all with hagionyms, that is, the addition of an element as in Saint Luke (from Luke).

iv) Ligatures as: æ or œ, are split into ae, oe, etc.

v) Abbreviations must be written without points or superscripts, as in the case of Sequana ~ Sequen(ti)ª, paired as: S/S, e/e, q/q, u/u, a/e, n/n, a/a.

vi) Numerical symbols as V (five), R (forty) or j (one) are written in their full form.

vii) Special signs as: 9 (con) or & (et), must appear as letters and eventually associated to other symbolic forms adapted to the heraldic context.

viii) When a heraldic component (supporter, crest or shield) contains several semantic levels, each encryption must be noted Cypher (I), Cypher (II), etc.

These cyphers are applied to a series of Portuguese and English crests we started some days ago in this blog.

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© Carlos Carvalho da Fonte 2009-2017

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